Turkey benefits of very good climatic and ecological conditions which enhance the potential for the production of many fruit and vegetable varieties, and particularly the citrus fruit cultivation, representing 3,74 % of total world citrus production. 84,2 % of Turkey’s citrus fruit is produced on the Mediterranean Region where the Mediterranean Exporter Unions is settled and therefore this region owns an important place in our country regarding citrus fruits production and exportation. Citrus orchards dwell on approximately 127.342 hectares in Turkey. The main production places are Mersin, Adana and Hatay Provinces, where 81 % of Turkish lemons, 95,6 % of Turkish grapefruit, 53 % of oranges and 72,2 % of mandarins are produced, in the region of Çukurova.
Over the last 25 years, citrus cultivation has shown important developments and is expected to increase in the next years with a good development of the infrastructure in the packinghouses, concentrated and tinned citrus plants, cold and frozen storage and terminals as well as in transportation by sea, by air and by road.
In 2014, Turkey’s citrus production was 3.783.517 tons, which ranks Turkey as one of the top citrus producers in the Mediterranean basin. The breakdown by variety is as follows: 1.046.899 tons easy peelers; 1.779.675 tons orange; 725.230 tons lemon; 229.555 tons grapefruits. In 2015, Turkish citrus exports was 1.536.737 tons and 842 million dollar.
The breakdown by varieties is as fallows: 568.259 tons easy peelers, 476.656 tons lemons, 336.215 tons oranges and 115.581 tons grapefruits were exported.